Anyone who is already claiming their state pension and those who reach state pension age by this date will remain under the existing rules. This group will not be affected by the changes. Those who reach state pension age on or after 6th April 2016 will be assessed as part of the new rules.
Therefore those who will be affected are:
- Women born on or after 6th April 1953
- Man born on or after 6th April 1951
In brief, the changes are:
Flat rate pension
The current pension system comprises a basic flat rate pension plus additional state pension (ASP) which is dependent on the individual’s National Insurance (NI) contribution record. From April 2016 this will be replaced by a flat rate pension.
The level of the flat rate pension will be set later this year and will be worth at least £148.40 a week. This compares to a current basic rate pension of £115.95 per week.
So this looks like good news for everyone. But a few other points to take into account before you start rejoicing at the higher figure.
National Insurance Contributions required to get the full state pension
Under the current scheme, you need to have paid or been credited with 30 years’ worth of National Insurance Contributions to receive the full pension. For an NI record of less than the full 30 years your pension is pro-rated by 1/30th for each year below the maximum.
Under the new scheme rules this figure increases from 30 years to 35 years. As now, any years less than the maximum will pro rate the full pension. However, unlike now, you need to have a minimum of 10 years’ worth of NI to receive anything. If you have less than this you receive nothing at all.
This change will impact on non-working spouses, who unless they pay voluntary contributions, are highly unlikely to get near to the 35 year figure.
Under the current rules, if an individual does not have sufficient NI contributions in their own name the NI record of their spouse or civil partner can be substituted for their own. This often happens on divorce so that the non-working spouse can achieve entitlement to a full pension.
This will no longer be allowable under the new scheme. The new state pension will be based on an individual’s’ personal contribution only. The ability to use NI substitution on divorce or dissolution of a civil partnership will no longer be allowed. This will have a major impact on non-working spouses
Deferring your state pension
Under the existing rules you can defer claiming state pension and then choose either a lump sum (taxable) or weekly pension increased by 10.4% per annum. Under the new rules there will be no lump sum option. The weekly pension will increase by 5.8%.
What does this mean for you?
I recommend you obtain a pension forecast to confirm whether you are on track for a full pension. You can download a form here to print and post.
If you are not on track to receive a full pension consider making voluntary contributions.
If you are going through divorce ensure you review your respective state pension entitlements as part of your discussions. Using current annuity rates the flat rate pension would be worth circa £170,500 if you wanted a lump sum to provide the equivalent pension. Therefore if one party is eligible for a full state pension and the other party is not, this needs to be taken into account in the discussions.
If you have a query on your pennon and would like to take to me, please call on 01932 698150.
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